Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P's)

Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps)
is a poverty reduction and social development strategy of the national government that provides conditional cash grants to extremely poor households to improve their health, nutrition and education particularly of children aged 0-14.
4Ps has dual objectives:
  • Social Assistance - to provide cash assistance to the poor to alleviate their immediate need (short term poverty alleviation); and
  • Social Development - to break the inter-generational poverty cycle through investments in human capital.
4Ps helps to fulfill the country’s commitment to meet the Millennium Development Goals, namely:
  1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
  2. Achieve Universal Primary Education
  3. Promote Gender Equality
  4. Reduce Child Mortality
  5. Improve Maternal Health
Targeting System
The poorest households in the municipalities are selected through a Proxy-Means Test. This test determines the socio-economic category of the families by looking at certain proxy variables such as ownership of assets, type of housing, education of the household head, livelihood of the family and access to water and sanitation facilities.
Eligible Households
  1. Residents of the poorest municipalities based on 2003 Small Area Estimates (SAE) of NSCB;
  2. Households whose economic condition is equal to or below the provincial poverty threshold.
  3. Households that have children 0-14 years old and/or have a pregnant woman at the time of assessment;
  4. Households that agree to meet conditions specified in the program.
Set of Co-Responsibilities
To avail of the cash grants beneficiaries should comply with the following conditions:
  1. Pregnant women must avail pre- and post-natal care and be attended during childbirth by a trained health professional;
  2. Parents must attend responsible parenthood sessions, mother’s classes and parent effectiveness seminars;
  3. 0-5 year old children must receive regular preventive health check-ups and vaccines;
  4. 3-5 year old children must attend day care or pre-school classes at least 85% of the time.
  5. 6-14 year old children must enroll in elementary or high school and must attend at least 85% of the time.
  6. 6-14 years old children must receive deworming pills twice a year.
Program Coverage
4Ps operates in 45 provinces covering 255 municipalities and 15 key cities.
At present, 700,000 households are enrolled in the program and are receiving cash grants.
Program Cycle

The implementation of 4Ps Program follows the 8-step cycle starting from the 1) selection of target areas, 2) supply side assessment, 3) selection of household beneficiaries, 4) registration and validation of beneficiaries, 5) Family Registry preparation, 6) initial payment, 7) verification of compliance and 8) 2nd and succeeding release of cash grants.

Program Package
4Ps provides cash grants to the beneficiaries to wit:
  • P6,000 a year or P500 per month per household for health and nutrition expenses; and
  • P3000 for one school year or 10 months or P300/month per child for educational expenses. A maximum of three children per household is allowed.
A household with three qualified children receives a subsidy of P1,400/month during the school year or P15,000 annually as long as they comply with the conditionalities. The cash grants shall be received by the most responsible person in the household, usually the mother, through a Land Bank cash card.
In cases where payment through cash card is not feasible, the beneficiaries shall be provided their cash grants through an alternative payment scheme such as over-the-counter transactions from the nearest Landbank branch or offsite payments through Landbank.

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